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of the united states tom donilon. >> at the beginning of 2012, the president after a multimonth review, close consultation with the uniform military, the joint chiefs, service secretaries and combatants around the world, put together a new defense strategy, that defense strategy had to take into account that the budge control act requires the defense budget over the next ten years to be reduced by 500 million or so, a little less than that. and which would require a 5% decrease over what were the plans. and in doing that the president asked the military to think about what the new challenges were going to be, what were the real challenges we were going to face. and that defense strategy was comprehensive, and it had various pieces to it that we would look to agile for itses, that we would look to having a global footprint. but with emphasis, reemphasis on asia, continuance on the middle east but innovative partnerships around the world that could involve a lighter footprint in cases. >> rose: tom donilon for the hour next. funding for charlie rose was provided by the following: captioning spo
, is no longer fit to lead the syrian people and he must go. >> as well as syria and iran the united states faces new challenges from islammix extremism in african, yet it is not clear they are ready to stand on their own by 2014 when u.s. troops are scheduled to withdraw. and great power politics are on the a lend-- agenda again. china is confident, insertive in the south china sea in relations about moskow have cooled. all of this with a troubled economy at home and calls for a lighter footprint abroad. i'm pleased to have tom donilon back at this table. welcome. >> thank you, charlie. >> rose: we are now into a second term. what do we mean by lighter footprint? >> well, if we step back on that, at the beginning of 2012, the president after a multimonth review, close consultation with the uniformed military, the joint chief, service secretaries and combatant commanders around the world put together a new defense strategy. that defense strategy had to take into account that the budget control act required the defense budget over ot next ten years to be reduced by $500 million or so, a little les
just use up some of my time, but it is worth it. let me stipulate first of all, the united states cannot do everything everywhere. we cannot involve ourselves even when there are humanitarian crises. we cannot always involve ourselves. there are limitations on our capabilities, our resources, and our attention. the question really is, does syria rise to the level that those acquire our attention. if you think about america's role in the world, traditionally a our involvement, we easily become involved not necessarily just for humanitarian reasons. sometimes for strategic reasons. very frequently when humanitarian issues and strategic issues -- strategic interests converge. syria is unquestionably a place where humanitarian issues do converge. lisa has talked about it. senator mccain has talked about it. you read about it every day. it is a horrendous humanitarian catastrophe. the only thing i would add is the upward of 1 million displaced people inside syria today who are about to enter a winter. and are living in tents and may suffer catastrophic consequences of something is not
government we have in five years. we look forward to engaging with the united states as a new democracy, which we have been for the last many years. as i rounded this out, i also am looking forward to discussing many issues, but also to tell you that we are now in the middle of a sustained chronology of institutional working groups that address different issues of interest to both countries, namely on issues of the economy from energy, defense, law enforcement, counter-terrorism, and of course, a strategic stability. our principles have also been meeting -- we had a meeting in brussels, as you have heard appeared to have also been meeting off and on in that working groups as well as high level bilateral engagements. we have had several visitors from pakistan. we're looking forward to a relationship that has defined by confidence and mutual respect. we are longstanding friends and allies. i look forward to working with all of you as friends. it is difficult to take me out of journalism. i also want to say quickly that while we are making this historic transition, pakistan is looking towa
maintain there is a crisis already was united states involved in a local conflict. >> host: ambassador to bases u.s. attacking their own personal try for their government? >> guest: you raised the third factor, with united states, the tribes now of the central government with a triangle of conflict that is the conflict said is often overlooked. would you include the central government than you know, it has its own relationship for some benefit and it is troubled earth these jurors south africa and asia you find this. if it is tolerant and open to give citizens the right they deserve to freedom or education but if it surprised -- suppresses but you have problems where you see the of brutalization and gadaffi with the triumphs saw the pattern exist and we looked at 40 case studies it is a global study of what is going on in the world. >> host: take pakistan and walked us through the different tribes. >> it is the essential piece of the study because waziristan is one of the most targeted places on earth. one of them most high and the tribal places an onerous never completely conquered i
immiss stick notions. i know we here in the united states sigh this as a class of civilization but talk to one? iran or yemen and they will just look aghast at the concept there's a clash of civilizations. 90% of the survey had no idea what 9/11 was or who osama bin laden was. so, of there, we have to be very careful of how we are analyzing the contemporary world, and i maintain there's a crisis already existing in those parts of the world that the united states has now drifted into and got involved in local conflict. >> host: so ambassador ahmed, do locals in afghanistan, different tribes, see the u.s. as attacking their personal tribe or see their own afghanistan government? >> guest: peter, you have now raised a very important question. you raised the third actor. so you have the united states, you have the tribes, and you now rates the idea of the central government as a third person. you have a triangle and that is the complexity that is often overlooked. the central government has its open relationship with its own periphery, and very often it's a troubled one. go to the middle ea
(instrumental music) >> for decades the rich and powerful united states has acted like a global policeman, but can we still afford to flex our military might in conflicts that aren't ours? >> what we're looking at is an environment where the world's policeman for so many decades is suddenly just not willing to be the traffic cop on every beat. >> there is no defining doctrine that threads its way from administration to administration over american history that makes clear where we will act and where we won't act. >> interventions are dangerous because interventions always come with rather significant unintended consequences. >> narrator: in a democracy, agreement is not essential, but participation is. >> never before in our history have we been so interconnected with the rest of the world. >> foreign policy is actually not foreign. >> america has faced great hardship before and each time we have risen to the challenge. >> the ultimate test is to move our society from where it is to where it has never been. >> join us as we explore today's most critical global issues. join us fo
for us, japan and the united states, to generally provide for the region at the world, more democracy and more security with less poverty, japan must stay strong. that is my first point. i have started to revisit our national defense program outline. our defense ministry is getting an increased budget in order to do that at the start. looking back, it is remarkable. between japan and the u.s., bad days and good, rain or shine, for more than one-fourth of the entire history of the united states. it should not surprise anyone. the oldest and the biggest maritime democracy. and japan also has the most experienced and the biggest democracy. it is a natural fit. the biggest emerging market, now out in conclusion. gentlemen, my task is to look-- ladies and gentlemen, my task is to look towards the future. and make japan the second biggest emerging market in the world. and even more trusted partner for the region and the world. the road ahead is not short. i know that. but i have made a comeback just to do it. for the betterment of the world. i know that i must work hard as well to make it h
, you know, in the end i used to ask my father why as an immigrant he came to the united states. he said because we wanted to make sure our children had a better life. i hope that that's my legacy that in some way in all those jobs i gave our children a better life. >> i want to ask you a little about all of it, but i want to start with we've now had back-to-back secretary of defense that did a stint as head of the cia. how important was that stint? having that experience at the cia, how does -- how are future secretary of defenses -- what are they missing by not knowing how the cia works? >> well, it gave me -- there's no question it gave both bob gates and i i think a tremendous advantage. because when you're looking at the intelligence side and looking at the threats and looking at who's out there is a threat to the united states and the whole process that's involved in gathering that kind of information, that becomes very important when you go to defense because everything you do with defense depends on good intelligence. and there you not only get the intelligence, but you then have
, and killing. and drones are increasingly ubiquitous. there are 64 drone bases spread across the united states alone, and the u.s. has other drone installations across the planet. africa is increasingly a drone base environment. a newly authorized site in the nation of niger will become the sixth u.s. drone base in africa, joining one in morocco, senegal, uganda, and a permanent one in djibouti. u.s. drone attacks ordered by obama have spiked particularly in yemen, somalia, afghanistan, and notably pakistan where over 360 drone strikes over the nine years, 2004 to 2013, have killed over 3,000 people. this data is not classified. and not even secret. but it is troubling. so troubling that the u.n. has just decided to launch an investigation on the impacts of drone strikes on thousands of civilians. question. will the u.n. human rights council rule that drone use violates international law do you think, pat buchanan? >> i don't think they l. if they do, john, it doesn't make any difference. but we really ought to be concerned about these drones. they're a tremendously effective weapon. they save
was identical to that of the united states. those words in that constitution did not protect us. words do not protect you. understanding and be leaving in the words do. -- and believing in the words do. we today have a serious problem in that regard. the "new york times" three weeks ago -- "time" magazine three weeks ago reported as a cover story how the constitution is under siege, and "newsweek" about two months ago had a cover story about the failure of americans to understand our government. some very scary statistics. two out of every three graduating high-school students today believe that the three branches of government are republican, democrat, and independent. that is an actual poll. 75% of all americans don't know that religious freedom is protected by the first amendment. 75%. more americans can name the judges on "american idol" than on the supreme court of the united states. what does this mean to us? how did we get here? well, first of all, unless the next generation understands the obligations imposed by the constitution, we are going to have a serious, serious problem. my
million people live in the united states. and each person uses an average of 100 gallons of water every day. man: what it takes to actually make clean water is somewhat a mystery to most customers. woman: so how does water get from the river into your house, or here at school? woman: somebody has to bring that water to us, and somebody has to take it away when we're finished with it. man: the water infrastructure is vital for disease protection, fire protection, basic sanitation, economic development, and for our quality of life. man: you just can't visualize all the assets that are under our feet. we have about two million miles of pipe in this nation. if you're walking around in an urban area, you're probably stepping on a pipe. man: our grandparents paid for, and put in for the first time, these large distribution systems. woman: and in many cases, it's not been touched since. man: we're at a critical turning point. much of that infrastructure is wearing out. narrator: our water infrastructure is made up of complex, underground systems that function continuously. these 10 locations t
that fact this week. it's all about the body of the united states senate. its history, its current circumstances and our aspirations for it as an institution. i hope you will find it to be of value. for those of you who have the opportunity to read it. i was walking to the quarters of the senate many years ago with a friend from nebraska. it's a name, he holds a name that some of you may recognize. his name was ted sorenson. ted was a speech writer to john kennedy. and as we were walking through the marble corridors with a wonderful statues casting a shadow, i think he might've been inspired to say to me that while the national archives is the place where history is stored, it's the united states senate where our history is made. in ways large and small. today, history is being made. tomorrow, history will be made. a united states senator actually makes history at the very first moment they come into the united states senate and are sworn in. and degradation and a long-standing practice that as a senator is sworn in, he is given a number. and that number goes all the way back to th
? >> george, it's here we go again. government by crisis. the military in the united states is in play. not just the aircraft carrier and intelligence and the navy, it is also flight hours. having to cut down what the air force personnel can do. and even deployments for troops overseas. unable to sort of, perhaps, transfer and transfer personnel out there. people would have to have longer deployments. . the whole thing doesn't make sense when viewed from outside. >>> now, another big headline, from this week, we saw a report coming out, detailing chinese attacks, chinese military cyber attacks on u.s. targets. 140 targets. this is from the "new york times." its focus is on companies involved in the critical infrastructure of the united states. according to security researchers one target was a company with remote access to more than 60% of oil and gas pipelines in north america. it drew the attention of the former cia mike hagen. >> there are a lots of way we can make this relation less comfortable to them. if this is important, then you got to start taking some actions. >> congressman
terrorist threats from yemen and north africa. i cannot pretend that the united states has all the solutions to these problems. we are clear about the future we see for the -- and the people. where people live in dignity and not dictatorships. there is no doubt getting to that future will be difficult and will require every single tool in our toolkit. you can have a true peace without directing the active conflicts and the underlying causes. you cannot have the prosperity that should be available unless there is a vibrant private sector and good governance. you cannot have truth and security unless leaders start leading, unless country start opening their societies and not shutting off the internet or undermining democracy. building schools and not burning them. there is no dignity in that. there is no future in it either. everything i have discussed and all that i've led off has -- there is a big challenge of global power and influence to maintain our leadership. but this is an enormous opportunity. the united states is uniquely positioned in this landscape. things that make us who we are a
in which he determined there was no interest in having a relationship of any sort with the united states. that may be overstating it. it it's interesting who's around the table, but in the final analysis, the only guy who can say yes or no is the ayatollah and he has not been at the table. >> i will go back to the point that tom made, which i agree with, it's important at the negotiations because, they may work, and if they do it would be excellent. even if they do not work, they tell us a great deal about the situation we are in. i continue to be very skeptical that the ayatollah, many once a real relationship with us -- ayatollah khomeni wants a relationship. he does not have to like us to recognize it is in his interest to have a better relationship with the rest of the world, if not with us. if he's willing to do what we need him to do, some version of a deal, and a timeline outlining, i'm perfectly content to deal with it. in terms of whether or not they will live up to it, my sense of the iranians is that they are not going to agree to something and they're not actually willing to
) >> in washington the united states breaks a 170-year-old tradition as it joins 11 nations in the signing of the atlantic defense treaty. president truman keynotes our position, which for the first time binds this country to a military agreement during days of peace. >> if there is anything certain today, if there is anything inevitable in the future it is the will of the people of the world for freedom and for peace. >> the north atlantic treaty organization, nato, has its roots in the outset of the cold war. the goal of its 1949 charter was to safeguard the freedom and security of its member states. at the time that meant preventing the eastern block from creeping westward. >> that was the original reason and i call that nato 1.0. so for 40 years really, during the entire cold war, the purpose of nato was to protect western europe against the possibility of soviet military, or indeed, ideological conflict. (military marching music) >> this small group of men in the kremlin had long ago dedicated themselves to the spread of communism by all possible means. they control russia. they'd pla
please welcome our honored guests, members of the united states house of representatives, members of the united states senate, the speaker of the united states house of representatives and the president of the united states. [applause] [applause] ladies and gentlemen the speaker of the united states house of representatives, the honorable john boehner. >> hello everybody. thank you. good morning and welcome to the united states capital. this is a red letter day for the american people and i'm glad that you are all here and are taking part in the celebration. since the error of reconstruction, this chamber which once was the hall of the house of representatives, has become home to statues sent by the states. today we gather to dedicate a national statute of the late rose -- parks to the cause of freedom. it's the first statue of an african-american woman to be placed in this capitol. [applause] [applause] [applause] we are honored today to be joined by the president of the united states and members of his administration. [applause] this is a homecoming of sorts for ms. parks who fo
students don't know is that the median income of lawyers in the united states is $62,000. they need to understand that before they incur $100,000 in debt. is there always room for another good lawyer? we need good lawyers. there always is. you have to ask yourself how much that you can afford -- how much debt you can afford. they have been watching too much "boston legal." you see $100,000 starting salaries. that may be for the top 10 students at the top 10 law schools. there were 30,000 graduates this year. what are the others going to do? there are jobs available and good jobs available, but we have to first let them know what to expect upon graduation. second thing we have to do is make sure we continue to have the profession look like our society. two spots of the examples. hispanic lawyers, less than 4%. 15% of our society. african americans come 8% come away under-represented. what we are doing in that regard as we have minority scholarships and a program where we put minority students with federal judges and state judges. we have a diversity center, which are the only four mi
but transfer that to our country of the united states so i know they're going to start those events in washington dc with their celebrations but let us san francisco celebrate -- mayor aleato and our wonderful history here and allow us to do a preliminary launch and so that's what we're attempting to do tonight and celebrate with you this launch of italian culture. it's very meaningful for us to did that year. we have a lot to celebrate. let me just say that painters, scrptdures, poets, musicians, designers, mathematicians, great architects of the italian country have come here to san francisco. we have experienced so much of the italian talent here in san francisco. that's why we wanted to be celebrating here and i am so glad to be joined not only by senator leno and assembly man amaino and david chiu and scott wiener as well. they all want to get in on this great celebration because it's wonderful for our city. i have often said our city and our strength is our international status and we do that with all the sister cities, with all of the flag raisings, but this is kind of
and happy that the happy new year series is continuing -- by the united states postal service. oca is a national organization 20 years ago urge the postal service to issue a series of stamps to honor the contributions of chinese americans and we have the support of many local organizations, the chinese chamber of commerce, the chinese consolidated benevolent associations and many other national organizations and national leaders that joined asking the post office to consider doing that. we see the stamp as an important part of the american cultural heritage; chinese-americans are a big part of it. this is a special year, our twentieth year. i would like to introduce our mayor, ed lee, this is his press conference. mayor lee has been to many, many if not all of the -- in san francisco. in as many capacities as a public official in san francisco. mayor lee? >> thank you caludine for your work. from the first time when you were in dc getting us excited about our national stamp; really our national culture could be reflected for everybody in america. this is a wonderful opportunit
one day. another factor is there are rebels, al-qaeda affiliated rebels the united states and the west doesn't support. and i don't think it's in the west's interest to see them end up at the top of the heap. >> rose: and then we turn to the story of the chinese army spying on the american government and american companies with david sanger of the "new york times," dune lawrence and michael riley of bloomberg businessweek. >> the cyber has been off to the side as something of an annoyance. i'm hearing this has gotten so big it's moving to the center of the relationship and it risks the rest of the relationship. i think the next thing you're going to see the president sending some kind of envoy to beijing to make that point. >> rose: the conflict in syria and spying on the united states by the chinese army when we continue. captioning sponsored by rose communications from our studios in new york city, this is charlie rose. >> rose: we begin tonight with a look at the crises in syria. nearly 70,000 people have died in one of the most deadly civil wars in recent history. two years in a
-- he committed to the united states ratifying the genocide convention. to that end, he gave a daily speech on the senate floor in support of it. i was tasked, that is a word you do not hear often, at least with me -- my responsibility was to write a daily speech, which i sometimes did under great deadline pressure. much to the consternation of the senator. word got out that i did this, and i was asked to give a speech, to speak on the genocide convention at a luncheon. i did, and the crowd seemed to respond and like it. i said, wow, that was fun. after that i accepted opportunities wherever it was to speak. within reason. >> what have you learned about audiences over the years, and when they start to respond to you? how many times do you speak a year? >> it depends on the year. quite honestly -- in presidential years, you may be asked a lot more because you are covering the campaign and when there is a change of administration, there are always more invitations to speak. people feel somehow you must know something. nothing works for a speaker on politics like a reelected president -
the united states and the people who sit in his this chair that i'm sitting in the oval office. they do not understand the military the way that idea. he held off a lot of military efforts. there was a terrible area that he didn't hold up the right way with the conservatives, and that was his use of conservative action. it looks not be separated from his overall record. they started in the eisenhower administration. the coup in guatemala, the plan was part of the eisenhower administration, kennedy was dumb enough and naÏve enough and inexperienced enough to dissipate in all this covert action and it really had a genesis for these terms. the point about presidents who know nothing about the military is important. my book, in terms of the starting point, would be the strategic opportunity this country had in 1989 to 1991 to do things differently that he didn't do, which was by having them do nothing about the military. clinton and obama and the younger bush. these four individuals made these contributions, it is no surprise that they were in the terrible situation that we find ourselves
court and how, out of it could the united states be? [laughter] not to recognize that. justice kennedy has been criticizing for referring to foreign law in that, by i, i think he did just the right thing in act many noing that there are other places in the world interested in the promotion of human rights and that we should listen and learn from them. [inaudible] so i think we have five. [applause] >> we have about six minutes left and i would like to ask more questions from the audience? >> i just wanted to say that jennifer didn't -- [inaudible] >> oh, i'm sorry. >> so jennifer, what --. >> if you want to ask it, jennifer. please go ahead. >> yes, ma'am. okay. justice ginsburg, what advice would you give a young many young woman in the law profession as attorney or law clerk in two part form as professor vanderbilt, what can we learn from your personal experience from the bar and from the bench? >> i tell you the major thing is something i try to impart last night. i have had endless satisfaction from everything i've done in the law, from being a law student to a law clerk, to a lawy
will take yours and be real quick. >> i hope this is not too philosophical. united states ambassador, there seem to be two approaches to foreign policy in the twenty-first century. one of the neo conservatives which have great power in this administration. check name names which i will not do. >> i do in this book. >> the new conservative ideological approach to foreign policy seems to be prevalent now as opposed to the traditional national interest pragmatic approach or is there some other approach? what do you see in the twenty-first century? >> i see a policy regardless who the president is of clear national interest and a policy must be for any nation whether it is the russians or the chinese, all nations, all individuals respond in their own self-interest, nothing wrong with that. that is predictable. the policy of our country, foreign policy, all the instruments of power it that you use to frame a policy must be driven with some higher purpose. i mentioned purpose, we lost purpose. we have been about ricocheting crisis to crisis. there's no strategic thinking, hasn't been strat
to come to the united states and i think we have to be fair to the 11 million people that are here in thus united states illegally. i have a few questions about this, but first, you spoke about the civilian category in your report. can you explain -- i agree on the conclusion of the report we should get rid of the category. can you explain a little bit on what you think that is important? >> there are not enough allocated for the huge volume of applications. you have a 2.5 million waiting list and one of the members already mentioned with the wait time is which varies from 12 to 20 years depending on the country. succumb if you are not going to manage the backlog, which is what the commission said we should not be doing, that is a category that is being managed by unconscionable backlogs and we could actually use those visas to allocate them to the spouse's and the higher priority. >> yes indeed. something that i disagree with is the guest worker issue and i am a little bit dumbfounded. i know this report came out a few years ago. >> 15 years. >> we have at least two idaho dairy farmers th
. the support that you gave. it is truly an honor and privilege to serve in the united states congress. i am glad we get to do this type of thing, and i appreciate the role that you play. god bless you, and may god bless the united states. thank you. [applause] >> ladies and gentlemen, we are finished. we have an after party. i want to give a round of applause to lynn povich. [applause] senator heidi heitkamp, congressman chaffetz. good night, everybody. >> a conversation with jeffrey immelt. the national institutes of health headquarters is in the district of a crisp and holland. he will be on our guest to talk about the sequestered. you can watch that at 10:00 a.m. and 6:00 eastern on c-span and c-span.org . >> if somebody paid him to what's 10 columns for $2,000 each. he gets the money and they publish only six. he summons the editor and says, i wrote 10 and he published six. the editor says, we paid you. that is the standard answer. maybe they were not good enough. here is a check for the columns you did not print back. he was entitled to keep it. that would clear his philosophy session
thing is the fact there may be a common market between the united states and the european common market. that would be huge, there would be no taxes to do that. it would a huge stimulus to our economy. >> shall i rain on obama's parade? >> how many people tuned in to watch obama's state of the union. 33.5 million. the least watched state of the union address since 2000. >> it is repetitive about boring. >> no. >> it is because television. >> hold it eleanor. >> the spectacle has lost a lot of the drama and dignity it used to have. he walks down that aisle and gets slaps and high fives. they should have had beyonce doing her number midway through it. >> every other president has walked down that aisle and i don't recall you complaining about it. >> it has lost dignity. >> ike and fdr didn't look like that. >> it is an american tradition and the fact the numbers were down is partly because people don't watch television like they used to. >> eleanor, how were obama's kneels son ratings -- neilsen ratings, the second lowest since they began taking measurement in 1993. the lowest since 2000
terrorists and the stakes could not be higher. this comes from a united states military commander in the united states. i'll jump across the border and tell you why the stakes could not be higher. this is pakistan in 2005. 74,000 people were killed in this earthquake. 18,000 were kids going to school. most of the kids that died were younger and female because they didn't have desks so when the walls started shaking and the roof came down they perished. there was 9,000 schools destroyed or rendered unusable. 1/2 million kids displaced out of school. in earthquake, they call it the coy mot that means this apocalypse. at first there was a very heroic effort. infer natio international community helped. after katrina red cross got 2,000,000 for help and for this earthquake red cross received 6 million dollars. the united states sent in helicopters that conductd the greatest air lift in the history of mankind. moved about 20 thousand on thes in the mountains to keep 1/2 million people a hive during the wintertime. it was very heroic and people were grateful. aid has dropped 70 percent a
to live here in the united states that. will grow because the number will double just like it did in 1986 because of the enticement to come here illegally. >> tray, there are going to be serious issue that is your commit eye will have to deal w. invision for yus describe the path way toship would look like. >> right now, governor, there are broad prince pems and no piece of legislation. what i try to do is find a census or harmony between two principles. the humanity that i really do think defines us as a people and respect for the rule of law that defines us. i am a former prosecutor. it would be disingenous to do anything other than respect the rule of law. we had this conversation in 1986 . this is it the last time we are talking about immigration . but thape didn't secure the border and practice employment verification. now we have quintuple the immigrants. 1986 didn't fix it marko rubio and jeff flake whose credentials are there . lind sape graham. border security and employment verifications are condition precedent. i heard the path way to citizenship and legal status is different t
Search Results 0 to 49 of about 5,745 (some duplicates have been removed)

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